Growing a tree with your hand is a slow process but the experience is certainly rewarding. Some people plant trees for their contentment, while others plant them for their practical benefits. Either way, it’s a persistent job in the first few years until it grows mature. The following are the three prime points for optimal tree growth.
Thoroughly water your tree from the start. It will help the soil settle and gather around the roots precisely. Providing them the moisture needed to start growing. Don’t soak the soil around the plant entirely. Choose a gardening hose instead and spray water about 30-40 seconds max.
Regularly water your plant to ensure a healthy growth until 2 years minimum. Whenever the soil seems dry, water it. Just like babies, young trees need lots of water so they can establish their roots precisely in the soil. Overwatering the soil may induce root rot, so avoid such practice.
Inserting a garden trowel 2 inches into the soil is a professional way of checking the moisture value of the soil. Stick your finger down into the hole you’ve just made and feel if it’s moist. If it doesn’t, water it more.
Once it reaches 2 years of age, cut back on watering your tree. The maturity time for trees varies with species but, it’s great to wait at least 2 years. in this time, the roots on your tree should be established and it won’t need as much water to grow. If you live in a tropical locality, you won’t need to worry about watering your tree, unless it’s a natural demand of the specie. However, you have to water your tree more if the climate is dry.
Mulching is equally important than watering your tree as soon as you plant it. Mulching a newly-planted insulates the roots from extreme temperatures and helps retaining moisture within the soil around. Mulch can also serve as a visual boundary that you don’t want to intrude while moving your lawn. Mulch can be of organic elements, rocks, and even be a plastic film.
While covering the soil with mulch, clear any vegetation around your plant. The size you’d want for the area is solely specific to the size of your tree. The bigger the tree the bigger the circle and vice versa.
The most approved method is spreading a 3-inch layer of natural mulch around. Wooden chips, coconut husk, dried leaves, or hay serves best. Make sure the wood you’re using is free form termites or fungus.
Also, keep in view to leave a 3-inch ring in between the trunk and the mulch. This provides space for the exchange of gases and. The flare of the trunk shouldn’t be covered otherwise it’ll suffocate.
Prune or trim your tree throughout the year to remove dead branches from it. Cutting off dead branches will keep your tree looking healthy and in shape. Dead branches will be leafless, making your tree look dull.
Never prune more than enough until the tree has spent 3 years of its life. It must be left with as much leaf space as possible for more nutrients and develop strong roots. Only prune off dead or broken branches during the first 3 years of growth.
Annually pruning your tree only if it’s older than 3 years. Winter is the best time for pruning to encourage growth. Chop off excessive or undesirable branches from your tree to keep the nutrient and water flow for a specific area. When your tree starts to develop shape, cut back branches distorting the curb appeal.
Prune any shoots growing out of the truck base as well. These sprouts steal water and nutrients from the root and limit their flow upwards. Use sharp pruning shears to clip the sprouts closest to the soil or trunk as you can. Use loppers to clip off sprouts that are too thick.
Prune branches that are growing in toward the trunk of your tree, prevent branches from crossing over and ruining the shape. Use pruning shears, loppers, or a hand saw to cut the branches off right outside the branch collar.
If you cannot perform it yourself or don’t have the equipment, Hire specialized services for optimal pruning and trimming.